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深圳市天禅工艺品公司 / 2015-08-13


Bronze crafts produced in the Shang and Zhou dynasties, with copper as an embryo, with a sculpture carving, casting techniques such as making. The main performance of the bronze art style, texture, decorative beauty, used for the performance of mysterious deterrence of religious themes. Copper Buddha is one of them.
Casting method
There are two main types of casting method of bronze handicraft, the lost wax method and mold. The modern new melting copper method created by Zhu Bingren, master the relatively small crowd.
The lost wax method: made from wax mold, with other materials, become whole mold.
Method: the mold is widely used, large bronze usually after casting, and then connected into a whole.
Copper melting method: using the dieless controllable casting process, "dieless" the copper liquid natural and smooth and the solution form; "controllable" enable liquid copper in artists to take control in molten meaning.
Casting method: using the dieless controllable casting process, "dieless" the copper liquid natural and smooth and the solution form; "controllable" enable liquid copper in artists to take control in molten meaning.
Ancient method of wax casting:
A variety of bronze making method, but to lost wax casting the Millennium ancient is the most complex, and most exquisite, spread so far the Buddha without using this method, today, Buddha face still clear and vivid. In the cast to release the bronze, the ancients invented the lost wax process. Such as after Wei and large cast of various postures of the hollow copper statue of Buddha and some birds statue etc., these bronze manufacture, because it is not possible to take like the fan Zhufa that used in ceramic mold compaction of mud process casting, only the use of the lost wax process cast.
The process is first clay used pinch clay core of utensils, the wax material made of thin package in the mud core through the carved, the wax become want to cast the objects of wax type, welded on the wax nozzle, in wax coated with mud, after drying and roasting dewaxing become empty type of clay core, and pouring of molten copper.
Modern wax pattern making method, is the first need to cast the devices, objects or works of sculpture molding known as master mold, if a large number of mass production, with a master mold made of female die, in the negative mould injection wax, wax is made; the wax group or single install gate and riser, in wax and coated on the outer surface of the preparation of water glass and quartz powder mixed coating, drying to be, then mixed coating sprinkle on quartz sand, repeated several times, mold shell immersed in 90 degree water dewaxing, then calcined to prepare for casting. If copy bronze relics should be in the original material of gypsum block model, or using silicone rubber block made of female die, in the negative mould wax type, unloading the model, then the wax control original repair so to finish wax production.
There is a big difference between the process of the ancient lost wax and the process of the modern loss of wax.. Ancient lost wax process is diverse, some to the board drawing decorative sculpture, drawings, divided into two or more pieces, filled with wax. The wax sheet set aside, apply to mud core bonding together, fill the gap, the completion of the wax pattern, good nail, attach a cohesive soil, dry and cool, calcination wax, casting.
The history of China's important bronze works of art, the Western Zhou Dynasty, "Bo moment" Ge, "Si Muwu" Ding of the late Shang and Han Dynasty "horse riding Chebi".
铜器。在我国古代多指青铜器,流行于新石器时代晚期至秦汉时代,以商周器物最为精美。最初出现的是小型工具或饰物。夏代始有青铜容器和兵器。商中期,青铜器品种已很丰富,并出现了铭文和精细的花纹。商晚期至西周早期,是青铜器发展的鼎盛时期,器型多种多样,浑厚凝重,铭文逐渐加长,花纹繁褥富丽。随后,青铜器胎体开始变薄,纹饰逐渐简化。春秋晚期至战国,由于铁器的推广使用,铜制工具越来越少。奏汉时期,随着瓷器和漆器进入日常生活,铜制容器品种减少,装饰简单,多为素面,胎体也更为轻薄。中国古代铜器,是我们的祖先对人类物质文明的巨大贡献,虽然从考古资料来看,我国铜器的出现,[1] 晚于世界上其他一些地方,但是就铜器的使用规模、铸造工艺、造型艺术及品种而言,世界上没有一个地方的铜器可以与中国古代铜器相比拟。这也是中国古代铜器在世界艺术史上占有独特地位并引起普遍重视的原因之一。
Bronze. In ancient China the bronze, popular in the late Neolithic Age to the Han Dynasty, with the finest implements. The first appeared is small tools or accessories. The beginning of bronze vessels and weapons. In mid - Shang, the bronze wares were rich, and the inscriptions and fine patterns appeared.. Late Shang to early Western Zhou is the heyday of the bronze ware development, type is varied, vigorous and dignified, inscriptions gradually extended, pattern propagation mattress richly. Then, the bronze matrix began to thin, decoration gradually reduced. The spring and Autumn period to the Warring States period, due to the promotion of the use of iron, copper tools less and less. The Han period, with the porcelain and lacquer ware into everyday life, reduced copper container species, decoration simple, plain, tire body and more frivolous. The Chinese ancient bronze, is our ancestor's great contribution to human material civilization, although from the archaeological point of view, the emergence of China's bronze, [1] later than some other local, but bronze using scale, casting process, plastic arts and varieties, the world no bronze of a place can be comparable with the ancient Chinese bronze ware. This is the Chinese ancient bronze art history in the world occupies a unique position and one of the reasons caused widespread attention.
Bronze crafts cleaning:
With the emergence and development of bronze sculpture, bronze and bronze figures in the city can be seen in the high streets and back lanes. How to maintain the sculpture, can be carried out from three aspects.
A. Three benzo triazole method to prevent erosion, water vapor and air pollutants;
Two. Silver method, suitable for local corrosion spots like artifacts and metal inlay artifacts;
Three. Alkali soaking method, copper chloride gradually converted to stable copper carbonate.


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