天禅工艺品>新闻中心>公司动态>工艺特点> 天禅铜雕工艺品是如何制作出来的,有哪些工序?

         城市大型铜雕塑,家居装饰铜雕工艺品这些大大小小的铜雕塑是如何做出来的呢?天禅就给大家做个详细介绍,使您更多的了解我国铜雕文化的发展历程。现在铸铜雕塑、铜雕工艺品的制作工艺以失腊铸造为主,失腊铸造法大致要经过雕版塑型,翻制模具,出原型, 做腊模,修蜡膜,制作型壳,失腊焙烧,铸造,清理型壳,打磨 做效果这十几道工序,一个铜雕艺术品才算完成。

铜马铸铜雕塑

铜马铸铜雕塑

●雕版塑型就是把要做雕塑先雕泥塑,泥塑的好坏直接关系到铜雕的最终效果;
翻制模具是根据作品的复杂程度而决定方案,较为简单的作品可采取石膏翻制,复杂一点的就要用硅胶翻制;
模具翻制完后再把融化好的石蜡灌到已经制作好的石膏模具或硅胶模具里,等石蜡冷却后拆开模具,蜡膜作品就形成了;
接下来开始“制作型壳”,制壳也是采取两种方案,小件或着复杂的我们应该选用精密铸造,所谓精密制作就是用精致石英砂一层一层把制作好的蜡型包起来、然后再用高温把壳里面的石蜡烧净。简单一点的作品如平面浮雕,大铜钱,铜佛像的背面等作品没有过于复杂的工艺光面可采取“树脂砂箱制作”。
制壳完后就到了铸造这个环节,在高温下把铜水后灌注到做好的壳或砂箱里面,等铜水冷却后拆开制壳,开始打磨,如果是大型铜雕还需要把已经打磨好铜雕拼在一起,清理焊口,把拼接好的铜雕焊接部位要处理的和泥塑一样;
最后就是做效果了,做效果又分为表层上色和上油、封蜡这几个步骤:
  表面着色,有青铜色,古铜色,有贴金,也有镀金等等,这些都着色效果需要根据该铜雕作品是反映文化特点来定,如果是古代的一般适合青铜色,近代的适用于古铜色,现代的铸铜人物雕塑,有的贴金,也有镀金的,还有彩绘的。着色完后就是最后一道工序上油、封蜡。经过这么多步骤后一件铜雕艺术品就算铸造完成了。
 
Cities large copper sculpture, bronze crafts home decor large and small bronze sculpture is how to make out of it? Zen-day gave everyone to be described in detail so that you know more about the development process of China's bronze culture. Now the production process bronze sculpture, bronze crafts to lost wax casting mainly lost wax casting method generally go through engraving plastic, reproduction molds, prototypes, make wax mold, repair wax film, the production-type shell, lost wax roasting, casting, cleaning shell, polished effect do these dozen procedures, a bronze work of art is completed.
● Block modeling is to be done first carved clay sculpture, clay is directly related to the final results of bronze;
● reproduction of mold is based on the complexity of the work and decided to program a relatively simple plaster reproduction of works can be taken, it must use a bit more complex reproduction of silica gel;
● After the reproduction of the mold and then pour melted paraffin good to have produced a good or silicone mold in plaster molds, and other open mold cooling paraffin, wax film works is formed;
● Next start "making shell" Shell also take two programs, small pieces, or a complex that we should use precision casting, precision production is to use so-called fine quartz sand layer by layer to make a good wax wrap then with hot wax burning inside the shell net. It simply works such as flat relief, large coins, copper statues and other works of the back not overly complex process can take glossy "box resin sand production."
● Shell arrived after casting this part, at a high temperature to do the infusion of shell or sand box inside the copper water, and so the copper water-cooled open-shell, start sanding, if it is a large bronze sculpture also need to polished bronze has good fight together, clean up the weld, the weld parts spliced ​​bronze and clay to be treated the same;
● Finally, the effect is to do, so the effect is divided into surface paint and oil, sealing wax these steps:
Colored surface, there are bronze, bronze, there gild, there are gold-plated and so on, which are based on the coloring effect required bronze work is a reflection of the cultural characteristics to be, if it is generally suitable for the ancient bronze, apply modern bronze, Modern bronze sculpture, some laced with gold, there are gilded, and painted. After coloring is the last process oil, sealing wax. After so many steps even if casting a bronze work of art is complete.
 

 

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